The Chinese Calendar

Chinese Astrology
The Han Calendar
Chinese Symbol for Good Luck

The Traditional Chinese Calendar

The official calendar in modern China has been the Gregorian Calendar since October 1, 1949, when Mao Zedung proclaimed People's republic of China.

However, the old, traditional Chinese calendar is stil observed in traditional Chinese communities around the world as well as in rural China. It is used to determine auspicious dates for important events (such as weddings, business deals, etc.) and most of the traditional Chinese festivals.

The traditional Chinese calendar is also called the "Yin Calendar", the "Han Calendar", or the "Rural Calendar".

The Chinese calendar is the longest chronological record in human history. It dates from 2637 BC, when Emperor Huangdi (or Huang Ti) introduced the first cycle of the Chinese zodiac / calendar.

A Lunisolar Calendar

The traditional Chinese calendar is a lunisolar calendar. This means that it combines the solar year and the moon phases.

In the Chinese calendar, a month begins with the day of new moon ("dark moon"), and a year can have 12 or 13 lunar months. An ordinary Chinese year has 12 months and 353-355 days. Every second or third year has 13 months and 383-385 days, and is called a leap year.

A Chinese year begins on the second or third new moon after the winter solstice, depending on the number of new moons between two consecutive winter solstices. Therefore, the date of the Chinese New Year in the Gregorian calendar is variable between January 20th and February 20th. Lower on this page you will find the Gregorian calendar dates of the Chinese New Years in the 77th and 78th cycles (i.e. 1924-2043).

The 60 Years Cycles

While the Gregorian calendar counts years in an infinite sequence, the Chinese calendar counts years in 60-years cycles.

Each year in the Chinese calendar is assigned a name consisting of two components: a celestial stem and a terrestrial branch.

There are 10 celestial stems:

  • Jia (wood, as in growing wood)
  • Yi (wood, as in cut timber)
  • Bing (fire, as in natural fire)
  • Ding (fire, as in artificial fire)
  • Wu (earth, as in soil)
  • Ji (earth, as in earthenware)
  • Geng (metal, as in mineral)
  • Xin (metal, as in wrought metal)
  • Ren (water, as in running water)
  • Gui (water, as in standing water)

The terrestrial branches are the 12 animals in the Chinese zodiac cycle:

  • Zi (rat)
  • Chou (ox)
  • Yin (tiger)
  • Mao (rabbit)
  • Chen (dragon)
  • Si (snake)
  • Wu (horse)
  • Wei (goat)
  • Shen (monkey)
  • You (rooster)
  • Xu (dog)
  • Hai (pig)

The 60-years cycle is generated by combining the two components in a rather complicated sequence. Each 60-years cycle in the Chinese calendar begins with the Wood Rat (Jia Zi) year and ends with the Water Pig (Gui Hai) year.

The 77th Cycle of the Chinese Calendar

The 77th cycle of the traditional Chinese calendar began on February 5, 1924 with the year of the Wood Rat (chinese year 4622).

Zodiac Sign (Element)
Chinese New Year
Rat (Wood)
1924, February 5
Ox (Wood)
1925, January 25
Tiger (Fire)
1926, February 13
Rabbit (Fire)
1927, February 2
Dragon (Earth)
1928, January 23
Snake (Earth)
1929, February 10
Horse (Metal)
1930, January 30
Goat (Metal)
1931, February 17
Monkey (Water)
1932, February 6
Rooster (Water)
1933, January 26
Dog (Wood)
1934, February 14
Pig (Wood)
1935, February 4
Rat (Fire)
1936, January 24
Ox (Fire)
1937, February 11
Tiger (Earth)
1938, January 31
Rabbit (Earth)
1939, February 19
Dragon (Metal)
1940, February 8
Snake (Metal)
1941, January 27
Horse (Water)
1942, February 15
Goat (Water)
1943, February 5
Monkey (Wood)
1944, January 25
Rooster (Wood)
1945, February 13
Dog (Fire)
1946, February 2
Pig (Fire)
1947, January 22
Rat (Earth)
1948, February 10
Ox (Earth)
1949, January 29
Tiger (Metal)
1950, February 17
Rabbit (Metal)
1951, February 6
Dragon (Water)
1952, January 27
Snake (Water)
1953, February 14
Horse (Wood)
1954, February 3
Goat (Wood)
1955, January 24
Monkey (Fire)
1956, February 12
Rooster (Fire)
1957, January 31
Dog (Earth)
1958, February 18
Pig (Earth)
1959, February 8
Rat (Metal)
1960, January 28
Ox (Metal)
1961, February 15
Tiger (Water)
1962, February 5
Rabbit (Water)
1963, January 25
Dragon (Wood)
1964, February 13
Snake (Wood)
1965, February 2
Horse (Fire)
1966, January 21
Goat (Fire)
1967, February 9
Monkey (Earth)
1968, January 30
Rooster (Earth)
1969, February 17
Dog (Metal)
1970, February 6
Pig (Metal)
1971, January 27
Rat (Water)
1972, February 14
Ox (Water)
1973, February 3
Tiger (Wood)
1974, January 23
Rabbit (Wood)
1975, February 11
Dragon (Fire)
1976, January 31
Snake (Fire)
1977, February 18
Horse (Earth)
1978, February 07
Goat (Earth)
1979, January 28
Monkey (Metal)
1980, February 16
Rooster (Metal)
1981, February 4
Dog (Water)
1982, January 23
Pig (Water)
1983, February 11

The 78th Cycle of the Han Calendar

The 78th cycle of the traditional Chinese calendar began on February 2, 1984 with the year of the Wood Rat (chinese year 4682) and will end on January 30, 2044.

Zodiac Sign (Element)
Chinese New Year
Rat (Wood)
1984, February 2
Ox (Wood)
1985, February 20
Tiger (Fire)
1986, February 9
Rabbit (Fire)
1987, January 29
Dragon (Earth)
1988, February 17
Snake (Earth)
1989, February 6
Horse (Metal)
1990, January 27
Goat (Metal)
1991, February 15
Monkey (Water)
1992, February 4
Rooster (Water)
1993, January 23
Dog (Wood)
1994, February 10
Pig (Wood)
1995, January 31
Rat (Fire)
1996, February 19
Ox (Fire)
1997, February 8
Tiger (Earth)
1998, January 29
Rabbit (Earth)
1999, February 17
Dragon (Metal)
2000, February 6
Snake (Metal)
2001, January 25
Horse (Water)
2002, February 13
Goat (Water)
2003, February 2
Monkey (Wood)
2004, January 23
Rooster (Wood)
2005, February 10
Dog (Fire)
2006, January 29
Pig (Fire)
2007, February 17
Rat (Earth)
2008, February 7
Ox (Earth)
2009, January 26
Tiger (Metal)
2010, February 14
Rabbit (Metal)
2011, February 3
Dragon (Water)
2012, January 23
Snake (Water)
2013, February 10
Horse (Wood)
2014, January 31
Goat (Wood) - year 4713
2015, February 19
Monkey (Fire)
2016, February 8
Rooster (Fire)
2017, January 28
Dog (Earth)
2018, February 16
Pig (Earth)
2019, February 5
Rat (Metal)
2020, January 25
Ox (Metal)
2021, February 12
Tiger (Water)
2022, February 1
Rabbit (Water)
2023, January 22
Dragon (Wood)
2024, February 10
Snake (Wood)
2025, January 29
Horse (Fire)
2026, February 17
Goat (Fire)
2027, February 6
Monkey (Earth)
2028, January 26
Rooster (Earth)
2029, February 13
Dog (Metal)
2030, February 3
Pig (Metal)
2031, January 23
Rat (Water)
2032, February 11
Ox (Water)
2033, January 31
Tiger (Wood)
2034, February 19
Rabbit (Wood)
2035, February 8
Dragon (Fire)
2036, January 28
Snake (Fire)
2037, February 15
Horse (Earth)
2038, February 4
Goat (Earth)
2039, January 24
Monkey (Metal)
2040, February 12
Rooster (Metal)
2041, February 1
Dog (Water)
2042, January 22
Pig (Water)
2043, February 10

Astrologer: Ariana
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